User:Robertinventor/Wikipedia mistakes or omissions

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As I browse I notice mistakes and omissions in Wikipedia. Normally I'd just fix them or add a note to the talk page. Can't any more, since I'm indef blocked. This is to accompany my unblock appeal.

The list since I was blocked includes minor fixes I would normally do without first mentioning on the talk page. It doesn't cover the Buddhism or Mars astrobiology topic areas - for those I fix errors in our own wikis and would not fix them in Wikipedia.

It goes back about a year for the ones I did before the block and ones that I suggested on the talk page but didn't do because I was blocked. Also includes some that I suggested and another editor said to do them, but I was blocked before I noticed. I haven't attempted to list all the wikignoming fixes I did in the year before I was indef blocked, just ones where I posted to the talk page first.

Noticed after I was blocked[edit | edit source]

Would post to talk page first[edit | edit source]

Article is out of date[edit | edit source]

  • Carbon capture and storage#Abu Dhabi – United Arab Emirates latest news from them is that they plan to expand from their current capacity of 800,000 tonnes per year to capture 2.3 million tonnes per year by 2025 and 5 million tonnes per year before 2030[1]
  • Betelgeuse Caption for image says this first attempt has resulted in the highest-resolution image of Betelgeuse available. - this is about a decade out of date. There is a higher resolution image from 2009 already in this paper[2].
  • Gamma-ray burst#GRB candidates in the Milky Way] "Knowledge of GRBs, however, is from metal-poor galaxies of former epochs of the universe's evolution, and it is impossible to directly extrapolate to encompass more evolved galaxies and stellar environments with a higher metallicity, such as the Milky Way."
    This is about a decade out of date. The closest gamma ray burst observed now is 140 million light years away, not the billions of light years away implied by "former epoch". There is now a lot of research based on nearby galaxies. I can help bring this article up to date on the topic.
  • Kevin Anderson (scientist) A bit out of date, more recent paper on his current views: [2]
  • Blue Brain Project and Human Brain Project Several years out of date. Mainly talks about their optimistic projections in the early days of the project. Blue Brain Project has a note asking editors to update it. I would post to the talk page saying that it would be good to add a summary of this article from Scientific American to the page, as they don't cite it and don't seem to be aware of it. It is a good review from 2015 about some of the problems that arose in the attempts to simulate an entire human brain as a neural net [3].

Article has a significant mistake in it[edit | edit source]

  • List of smallest stars#Smallest stars by type - lists diameter of Luhman 16 as 45,000 km based on a link to a non notable Fandom wiki page[3] in Polish. A more notable sourse would be this paper[5] which says evolutionary models predict these objects to be 1.0+/-0.2 times the radius of Jupiter i.e. 139,820 km +/-27,960 km
  • Chicxulub crater says the impactor diameter ranges from 11 to 81 km. The cite is to a preprint, not a WP:RS. 81 is likely a typo for 18. Anyway we can't use it. Most often given as 10-15 km and here is a cite[6]
  • Wikipedia:Dew_point - says "When the temperature is below the freezing point of water, the dew point is called the frost point, as frost is formed rather than dew"
    Though popular accounts of meteorology sometimes suggest this, dew point and frost point differ. Dew point is the temperature for 100% humidity of the air in normal conditions. Frost point is the higher temperature for 100% humidity over an ice surface. This distinction normally doesn't matter much, but is important for processes in clouds. Growth of icy particles is favoured over water droplets when both are possible, because the frost point is at a higher temperature than the dew point.[7]
  • Wikipedia:Nuclear_winter#Nuclear_summer Cites an article in New Scientist that doesn't seem to exist. [4] and online post from 2002 that talks about increased UV not warming [8] With only these two cites, and lack of details, will post to talk page suggesting "Nuclear summer" should probably be deleted due to insufficient evidence of notability.
  • Asteroid_impact_avoidance#Deflection_efforts says "in addition, the warning time is unlikely to be more than a few months", misparaphrases source, the source used says "warning period for a potential impact from a long period comet may be as short as a year"[9]
    In other words, in the source, a year is mentioned as the likely shortest warning period, while Wikipedia summarizes it as saying that few months is likely the longest. Also the source used is from 2008, before the start of most of our modern all sky surveys. Warning periods increased since then.
  • Wikipedia:2010_AU118 "NEODyS lists the nominal 20 October 2020 Earth distance as 3 AU (450,000,000 km; 280,000,000 mi).[7]" - table now says 2.6771 au in the Delta column


Article is missing information or needs more cites[edit | edit source]

  • Strange matter has a request for additional citations for verification. An excellent cite here for strangelets is the LHC safety review in 2011[10] which they don't cite. It also gives additional details that would be useful for the article and includes a short summary of the state of current research on strangelet production. The supplement to the review describes how the LHC confirmed the emerging picture[11].
  • Type Ia supernova Only gives the critical mass for carbon -oxygen white dwarf stars. Also doesn't cover neutronization / inverse beta decay. Would post to talk page suggesting they have a section on this. Here is one source on the critical masses for white dwarfs for other compositions, such as Helium, Silicon, Sulfur, Iron etc, also taking account of neutronization. [12]
  • Tunguska event would post telling them about a new reliable source I found, published in 2019, which gives the number of deaths as 3, a figure much discusssed there [13] . Also, new cite from workshop at review level, describing an emerging consensus[14].
  • Ozone#Physical properties - Colour of ozone - only one cite to the online webelements page[5] and minimal info. I found many better cites which the article could use and more details such as [15] and [16]
  • Wikipedia:Copernicus_(lunar_crater) - should say something about impactor studies that suggest it formed as a result of an impactor perhaps about 7 km in diameter [6]
  • Rogue planet for the sentence "The researchers estimated from their observations that there are nearly two Jupiter-mass rogue planets for every star in the Milky Way" should mention the later 2017 study which cast doubt on that result using a larger population of microlensing events and finding at most one Jupiter-mass rogue planet for every four stars in the Milky Way. [17]
  • Life review - mainly relies on controversial sources such as Pim van Lommel. This may be a good source to add: "Conversely, precognitive visions (e.g., seeing the future) and the experience of life review were among the least frequently reported core features (i.e., occurring <30%)" [18]
  • History of SpaceX#Setbacks doesn't mention the first three rocket failures though it is covered in Falcon 1[19]
  • Bajii - should say that the 2016 sighting is regarded as unlikely[20]. Also the lede is confusing, the sentence "It also signified the disappearance of an entire mammal family of river dolphins (Lipotidae)" can give an impression that it means extinction of all river dolphins worldwide. There are three other families of river dolphins. Would be clearer as "It also signified the disappearance of one entire river dolphin mammal family (Lipotidae), leaving only two extant families of river dolphins"
  • Brane cosmology has nothing about colliding branes, a topic of many papers. Would post to the talk page suggesting it has a section on this topic. See google search[7]. Just one or two sentences may be enough. The intro to this 2015 paper could be a starting point as it reviews previous work on the topic[21]
  • Loess Plateau has only six cites, last one dated 2006, doesn't even have the World Bank 2007 cite, and is quite short. Many figures from the World Bank page about the project[22]Including: World Bank contributed about half of the funding (China was still eligible for International Development Association funding at the time of the project) For a cost of around half a billion dollars,more than 2.5 million people were lifted out of poverty, and incomes doubled, employment increased from 70 to 87%. Output per capita increased from 0.366 metric tons to 0.591 metric tons per year, Food security ensured, before the project frequent droughts required occasional government food aid. Now it has changed from a narrow range of food and low-value grain to high value products. Ecological balance restored in a vast area considered to be beyond help by many. Sedimentation of waterways dramatically reduced. Other cites they could use include: Soil erosion was reduced from 6579.55 tons per square kilometer per year to 1986.66 tons.[23], . Conserved 177,000 square kilometers [24]

Minor, or expect no discussion, would just fix on the spot[edit | edit source]

Corrections I suggested on talk pages before I was blocked - not yet done[edit | edit source]

It is very rare for any other editor to respond to these talk page suggestions to fix an issue - I normally would go back and fix it after the mention but I had a lot on last year, and I have a backlog going back a year of things I never got around to fixing before I was blocked.

Suggested corrections with no response[edit | edit source]

These are relatively minor edits that normally editors would just do on the spot under WP:BOLD. I was super cautious and posted to the talk page first. With no response then the natural thing is to just be bold and make the edit - and if another editor wants to revert or fix what I wrote in some way it is then up to them.

Implemented fixes myself after talk page mention[edit | edit source]

Other editor implemented suggested fix[edit | edit source]

Edit proposal lead to discussion so far inconclusive[edit | edit source]

Other editor reverted edit[edit | edit source]

  • Wikipedia:Talk:WR_104#Not_going_to_hit_Earth_-_pretty_much_certain_now . I added a short sentence summary to the lede of the new tilt measurements mentioned later in the article. Never noticed that another editor corrected my summary to remove mention of the tilt diff. I need to post to the discussion page asking if there is some reason this research shouldn't be mentioned in the lede. Also I have some new cites, see [14] [15].

Other editor said to go ahead and do it (but only noticed after block)[edit | edit source]

Mid discussion - would post another comment or add a new thread to the talk page[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. UAE's ADNOC says moving ahead with CO2 capture project Abu Dhabi National Oil Company plans to expand the capture, storage and utilisation of carbon dioxide
  2. Haubois, X., Perrin, G., Lacour, S., Verhoelst, T., Meimon, S., Mugnier, L., Thiébaut, E., Berger, J.P., Ridgway, S.T., Monnier, J.D. and Millan-Gabet, R., 2009. Imaging the spotty surface of Betelgeuse in the H band. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 508(2), pp.923-932.
  3. Theil, S., 2015. Why the Human Brain Project Went Wrong—and How to Fix It. Scientific American, 313(4), pp.36-42.
  4. Atlantic ‘conveyor belt’ has slowed by 15% since mid-20th century 11 April 2018
  5. Crossfield, I.J.M., Biller, B., Schlieder, J.E., Deacon, N.R., Bonnefoy, M., Homeier, D., Allard, F., Buenzli, E., Henning, T., Brandner, W. and Goldman, B., 2014. A global cloud map of the nearest known brown dwarf. Nature, 505(7485), p.654.
  6. Parkos, D., Alexeenko, A., Kulakhmetov, M., Johnson, B.C. and Melosh, H.J., 2015. NOx production and rainout from Chicxulub impact ejecta reentry. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 120(12), pp.2152-2168

    "Asteroids striking the Earth typically [Minton and Malhotra, 2010] have an impactor density of 2680 kg/m3and an impact velocity of 20 km/s.Assuming these properties, modern scaling relations indicate that a 10–15 km diameter projectile [Collins et al., 2008] created the 170 km diameter Chicxulub crater"

  7. I am summarizing there what the meteorologist Jeff Haby explains here

    "The dew point is the temperature at which the air is saturated with respect to water vapor over a liquid surface. When the temperature is equal to the dewpoint then the relative humidity is 100%. The common ways for the relative humidity to be 100% is to 1) cool the air to the dewpoint, 2) evaporate moisture into the air until the air is saturated, 3) lift the air until it adiabatically cools to the dew point.
    "The frost point is the temperature at which the air is saturated with respect to water vapor over an ice surface. It is more difficult more water molecules to escape a frozen surface as compared to a liquid surface since an ice has a stronger bonding between neighboring water molecules. Because of this, the frost point is greater in temperature than the dew point. This fact is important to precipitation growth in clouds. Since the vapor pressure is less over an ice surface as compared to a supercooled liquid surface at the same temperature, when the relative humidity is 100% with respect to water vapor the relative humidity over the ice surface will be greater than 100%. Thus, precipitation growth is favored on the ice particles."

  8. "Nuclear winter might give way to a nuclear summer. The high temperatures of the nuclear fireballs could destroy the ozone gas of the middle stratosphere. The result would be an increase in ultraviolet radiation on the surface of the earth, affecting both plant and animal life. "[1]
  9. Report of the Task Force onpotentially hazardous NEAR EARTH OBJECTS
  10. Review of the Safety of LHC CollisionsLHC Safety Assessment Group, 2011
  11. Implications of LHC heavy ion data for multi-strange baryon production LHC Safety Assessment GroupSept 26, 2011
  12. Mathew, A. and Nandy, M.K., 2014. General relativistic calculations for white dwarf stars. arXiv preprint arXiv:1401.0819.
  13. Jenniskens, P., Popova, O.P., Glazachev, D.O., Podobnaya, E.D. and Kartashova, A.P., 2019. Tunguska eyewitness accounts, injuries, and casualties. Icarus.
  14. Morrison, D., 2018. Tunguska workshop: applying modern tools to understand the 1908 Tunguska impact.
  15. WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATIONGLOBAL ATMOSPHERE WATCHGAW Report No. 218 Absorption Cross-Sections of Ozone (ACSO)Status Report as of December 2015
  16. Doas-History - Max Planck Institute, Mainz,
  17. Mróz, P., Udalski, A., Skowron, J., Poleski, R., Kozłowski, S., Szymański, M.K., Soszyński, I., Wyrzykowski, Ł., Pietrukowicz, P., Ulaczyk, K. and Skowron, D., 2017. No large population of unbound or wide-orbit Jupiter-mass planets. Nature, 548(7666), p.183.
  18. Charland-Verville, V., Jourdan, J.P., Thonnard, M., Ledoux, D., Donneau, A.F., Quertemont, E. and Laureys, S., 2014. Near-death experiences in non-life-threatening events and coma of different etiologies. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 8, p.203.
  19. Elon Musk (28 September 2017), Making Life Multiplanetary | 2017 International Astronautical Congress, retrieved 28 November 2018 

    And the reason that I ended up being the chief engineer or chief designer, was not because I want to, it's because I couldn't hire anyone. Nobody good would join. So I ended up being that by default. And I messed up the first three launches. The first three launches failed. Fortunately the fourth launch which was – that was the last money that we had for Falcon 1 – the fourth launch worked, or that would have been it for SpaceX.

  20. Reported Sighting of Extinct River Dolphin is Unlikely, National Geographic, October 11, 2016
  21. Pellen, M., 2015. Conservation laws for colliding branes with induced gravity. Astrophysics and Space Science, 357(1), p.24.
  22. Restoring China's Loess Plateau, March 15, 2007
  23. Wang, X., Xiao, F., Feng, X., Fu, B., Zhou, Z. and Chan, C., 2018. Soil conservation on the Loess Plateau and the regional effect: impact of the ‘Grain for Green'Project. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, pp.1-11.
  24. Hirshfield, F. and Sui, J., 2011. Changes in sediment transport of the Yellow River in the Loess Plateau. Sediment Transport. InTech, Rijeka, Croatia, pp.197-214.
  25. Ortega, Tony (1997-06-26). "The Great UFO Coverup". Phoenix New Times. Retrieved 2008-03-15. 
  26. Samir, K.C. and Lutz, W., 2017. The human core of the shared socioeconomic pathways: Population scenarios by age, sex and level of education for all countries to 2100. Global Environmental Change, 42, pp.181-192.
  27. World Population Prospects 2017 online graphs of the World Population Division
  28. World population to keep growing this century, hit 11 billion by 2100, University of Washington news
  29. Gerland, P., Raftery, A.E., Ševčíková, H., Li, N., Gu, D., Spoorenberg, T., Alkema, L., Fosdick, B.K., Chunn, J., Lalic, N. and Bay, G., 2014. World population stabilization unlikely this century. Science, 346(6206), pp.234-237.